26 February 2016
Valerii Bukhtiyarov, director of Boreskov Institute of Catalysis (Novosibirsk), reported on the prospects of using the renewable vegetable stock in the fuel and petrochemical complex of Tatarstan
Theory of heterogeneous catalysis. Nature of intermediate interaction between reactants and the catalyst. Influence of the energy of bonding reactants to the catalyst on the catalytic activity and selectivity. Concepts of stepwise and associative mechanisms of catalytic redox reactions. Unsteady-state catalysis. Development of industrial catalysts.
Theory of tunneling electron transfer in solids. Coordination chemistry of metal complex solutions. Investigations of stepwise mechanisms of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic reactions, structures of active centers on the atomic and molecular levels. Search for new non-traditional areas in catalysis.
Catalysis and photocatalysis for renewable and non-traditional energetics. Photochemical and thermochemical methods for solar energy conversion. Radiational and thermal catalysis. The role of photocatalysis in the global chemistry of the Earth atmosphere. Abiogenic catalysis in the nature. Synthesis of nanomaterials. New types of chemical reactors.
Scientific bases for catalyst preparation and engineering. Methods for improvement of solid reactivity. Mechanochemistry in catalysis. Processes of catalyst deactivation. Theoretic basis of synthesis of carbon-mineral composites. Theory of non-branched radical chain catalytic reactions. Development of catalysts for industrial applications.
Method of mathematical modeling of catalytic processes and reactors based on the hierarchical principle of the model construction. Optimization and modeling of fixed and fluidized bed processes, liquid- and multiphase unsteady-state processes. Design of industrial reactors.
Methods for deliberate synthesis of supported catalysts with controlled composition and dispersion using anchored organometal compounds. Processes of catalytic polymerization of olefins. Development of industrial catalysts.
Regularities of the formation of oxide catalysts of complex composition. Principles of regulation of chemical and phase composition, surface acid-base properties, textural and strength characteristics, thermal stability. Development of a number of industrial catalysts.
Molecular design of catalytic compositions for organic synthesis, "tailoring" of active centers of metal complex catalysts. Synthesis of porous supports with controlled texture and surface nature.
Theory of heterogeneous catalysis and surface spectroscopy. Molecular modeling of catalytic systems. Computing of the electron structure and properties of acidic and redox centers of zeolite, oxide and metal catalysts.