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Researchers of Boreskov Institute of Catalysis Delaminate Solid Solutions for Making Efficient Ecological Catalysts

19 October 2021

With support from Russian Science Foundation the researchers of Boreskov Institute of Catalysis study how to use delamination of solid solutions in order to make efficient catalysts for oxidation of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons. Such systems can become more active and cheap as compared with the traditional ecological catalysts based on noble metals.

The standard catalysts for oxidation of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons used in car industry, thermal power plants and industrial enterprises are made on the basis of noble metals. But such compounds are expensive and do not always feature the necessary stability and resistance to the components of wastes.

Info: Solid solutions are a type of crystal solid substances where the atoms of various chemical elements are situated in one crystal lattice in strict order. These systems form a part of alloys which can have several kinds of solid solutions and single crystals of chemical compounds.

“We plan to develop catalysts based on transitional metals, in particular manganese-containing oxides. The idea of the study is to make a catalyst based on the laminated solid solutions – a system with strict order of atoms, where some elements can be replaced with others. We add manganese, cerium and oxygen into the oxide matrix. Then under various conditions through the stage of activation we try to pull manganese on the surface, as a result of which the nanoparticles of manganese oxide appear on the surface of the parent phase. We suppose that the systems based on the laminated solution will be higher activity as compared with traditional catalysts”, said Dr. Olga Bulavchenko, the head of the project, senior researcher of Boreskov Institute of Catalysis.

Scheme of lamination of solid solution and increase in CO conversion

The common application of the manganese nanoparticles on the matrix has its limitations.

“The manganese oxides sinter at temperature processing. If manganese comes out of the volume of solid solution, it fixes along with it – this way provides the small size of particles without sintering, i.e. the particles do not move freely on the surface and do not agglomerate”, explained the scientist.

According to Bulavchenko, synthesis and studying of the solid solutions is an important subject in the world scientific literature, but the researchers in Boreskov Institute of Catalysis decided to go by reverse. They studies the laminated solid solution and after cycles of reduction-oxidation noted that the catalytic activity of the compound increased.

The scientists will study the laminated solutions with the replaced cations with the help of diffraction method in the in situ mode that allows following the changes in the structure of catalysts immediately in the course of catalytic reaction and activation, in particular, watching the laminating of solid solution in real time.



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