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From chemistry and physics to art history: the range of problems for SRF “SKIF” discussed at the Congress of Young Scientists

10 December 2021

The Congress of Young Scientists (Sochi, Russia, 8–10 December, 2021) featured a round table dedicated to the construction of the Shared Research Facility “Siberian Circular Photon Source” of Boreskov Institute of Catalysis.

The key subjects of the round table included the prospects of utilization of SRF “SKIF” by the Russian and international research community, chances for the young scientists to participate in making this mega-science plant, training of specialists for working there. The round table was attended by about forty delegates of the Congress of Young Scientists joined by the viewers of online translation.

“There are about 50 sources of synchrotron radiation (SR) in the world. The most advanced of them feature the lowest emittance (phase-space volume of beam): MAX IV (Sweden), ESRF (France), and Sirius (Brazil). In this parameter SKIF surpasses them, and so it would be more attractive for researchers”, noted Dr. Eugene Levichev, Director of SRF “SKIF”.

“To this date the concepts of the first six beamlines of SKIF have been developed: they will use the classic methods widely sought after by the Russian and foreign scientists. Another priority for us is to build the beamline together with the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR. Now we invite the research community to a dialogue on the functionality of the SKIF beamlines of the next stages”, with these words Dr. Yan Zubavichus, Deputy Director of Science of SRF “SKIF”, addressed the scientists.

The General Constructor of SRF “SKIF” is AO “Kontsern Titan-2”. Director of the Russian atomic projects of AO “Kontsern Titan-2” Roman Mustafin notes that the company is the largest organization within the structure of Rosatom State Corporation on the collaboration with the student construction brigades. In the nearest future the concern plans to apply for their engagement in the construction of SRF “SKIF”.

“Training of the users of synchrotron centers is a complex challenge for the Russian Federation. Today we speak about one center, SRF “SKIF”, and there are eight of them in the federal program of development of synchrotron-neutron research. The centers of this class work, as a rule, quite intensively, in the 24/7 mode”, underlined Academician Valerii Bukhtiyarov, Director of Boreskov Institute of Catalysis.

Aleksey Okunev, Head of the Strategic project “Digital Future”, Director of College of Informatics of Novosibirsk State University, said that since 2018 NSU has the interdisciplinary program “Methodological support of physicochemical study of condensed phase”, within which the master’s students of the Departments of Physics and Natural Sciences get deep knowledge on how to use the synchrotron radiation. In the upcoming 2022-2023 academic year the education program of the general master’s students of the Department of Physics will include the disciplines that also provide knowledge and competences for designing the beamlines of SRF “SKIF” and using SR for solving the scientific problems. In addition, the University participates in financing the visits to the European SR sources.

“For processing the huge arrays of experimental data obtained at SRF “SKIF” we will need the advanced numerical methods and corresponding software. The list of important tasks includes the establishing of an open research hub of experimental data with remote access so that they could be efficiently reused. For getting the breakthrough results we need the most productive and flexible supercomputer infrastructure, the interdisciplinary educational programs for students and programs of additional education for the researchers”, claimed Dr. Mikhail Marchenko, Director of Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics.

According to him, the existing computing power of the Novosibirsk Science Center is not enough for working on the range of problems of supercomputing modeling of the experiments, processing and storage of data of SRF “SKIF”. The consortium of NSU and institutes of SB RAS promote the joint project of the supercomputer center “Lavrentiev” which is supposed to solve all these problems.

Andrey Shavorsky, HIPPIE beamline manager in MAX IV synchrotron center (Sweden) shared his experience in training specialists for the SR sources. He said that along with the traditional forms of training of beamline designers and user community (targeted training, lectures, tours, workshops, etc.) MAX IV recently introduced the education access for making experiments. In addition, there are programs of user exchange with other SR sources. They help scientists to study new methods.

Kristina Kvashnina, Head of the ERC group of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF, France), Professor of Moscow State University, made a suggestion that the training of specialists for the SR sources can be joined by industrial enterprises.

“If the industry finances the working contracts of post-graduate students or PhDs for solving the industry’s problems, then the practical use of synchrotron methods would reinforce the motivation of the young people. The practical tasks would become a platform for forming the interest to fundamental science”, underlined Kristina Kvashnina.


Information. The Congress of Young Scientists is one of the most notable events of the Year of Science and Technologies in Russia, the final point of a big campaign for the support of the Russian science and education. The Congress gathered the representatives of leading scientific schools from various regions of Russia, academic and educational organizations, authorities, industrial partners, bright leaders of domestic science, as well as young scientists, winners of grants, students and schoolchildren who achieved significant results in their research.

Aleksandra Malygina, press-secretary of SRF “SKIF”

Photo: Roscongress Foundation



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