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Hydrogen energetics

  

Innovative approaches are developed to generation of synthesis gas from hydrocarbon feedstock and hydride compounds, to creation of new type catalysts and designing multifunctional compact catalytic reactors including microreactors for the said processes.


водород генератор.jpg Generation of hydrogen-rich gas from hydrocarbon, including oxygen-containing, fuel

Hydrogen-rich gas is generated using steam reforming of hydrocarbon fuel or partial oxidation in reformers designed depending on the fuel type. Prototypes of fuel cells (high-temperature DMFC, 160 and 300 W) are constructed including reformers for steam reforming of methanol.


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микрореактора.jpg Generation of hydrogen-rich gas from methane and methanol in microreactors
A variety of microreactors are designed, methods for fabrication of microchannel plates and catalyst supporting thereon developed. The generated hydrogen volume is 13.5 L at 840 °C (partial oxidation of methane), 110 L at 270 °C (steam reforming of methanol). The use of microreactors for cleaning the hydrogen-rich gas from carbon monoxide allows the residual content of CO to be decreased down to 10 ppm.
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 портативные генераторы Portable generators production of pure hydrogen from sodium borane

The catalysts and compact size prototypes are developed for portable generators of energy to be supplied to radio radiobeacons and radiobuoys, meteorological probes, portable electronic facilities etc. The generators are capable of ensuring the operation of fuel cells of 5 through 500 W capacity, the hydrogen being as pure as 99.98 wt %.

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 новая технология получения водорода New technology for hydrogen generation

A one-stage process is developed for generation of high-purity hydrogen (more than 98.5 wt %) for fuel cells. The process is achieved by combining two processes – catalytic conversion of hydrocarbons and sorptive cleaning of the resulting gas mixture from CO2 – in one reactor. Compositions of the catalyst for steam reforming of hydrocarbons and of the composite sorbent are selected. Experimental benches with different hydrogen capacities (20 to 1000 L/h) were used for adapting the technology and for life testing of the catalysts and sorbents.

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